BEF 2 Mar 1588 - 30 Sep 1660

  • BIRTH: BEF 2 Mar 1588, Hingham, Norfolk, England
  • CHRISTENING: 2 Mar 1589, Hardingham, Norfolk, England
  • EMIGRATION: 1638, Hingham, Plymouth, MA
  • DEATH: 30 Sep 1660, Hingham, Plymouth, MA
  • BURIAL: 1660, Old Ship Cemetery, Hingham, MA
Father: Peter CUSHING
Mother: Susan HAWES

Family 1 : Nazareth PITCHER
  • MARRIAGE: 5 Aug 1613, Hingham, Norfolk, England
  1. +Daniel CUSHING
  2.  Jeremiah (Capt) CUSHING
  3.  Matthew (Lieut) CUSHING
  4.  Deborah CUSHING
  5. +John (Col) CUSHING

                                             _John (Cushying) CUSHING _+
                  _Thomas (Cushyn) CUSHING _|
                 |                          |_Alice CLIVE _____________+
 _Peter CUSHING _|
|                |                           __________________________
|                |_Ursula (CUSHING) ________|
|                                           |__________________________
|--Matthew CUSHING 
|                                            __________________________
|                 __________________________|
|                |                          |__________________________
|_Susan HAWES ___|
                 |                           __________________________

[789] Matthew Cushing, born in 1588, the year of the Spanish Armada, son of Peter Cushing of Norfolk, whose grandfather had possessed large estates in Lombard street, London, married 5 August 1613 Nazareth Pitcher, daughter of Henry Pitcher, of the famous family of Admiral Pitcher of England. For the first fifty years ofhis life he lived in Hardingham and Hingham, Norfolk County, England, and had,as by register of old Hingham: Daniel, baptized 20 April 1619; Jeremiah, 1 January 1621; Matthew, 5 April 1623; Deborah, 17 February 1625; and John, whose baptism is, I believe, omitted and I have heard, that it was in a neighboring parish. With his wife and five children, and his wife's sister (Widow Francis Riecroft, who died a few weeks after their arrival), he embarked in the ship -Diligent- of Ipswich, 350 tons, John Martin, master, which sailed from Gravesend, 26April 1638, with 133 passengers, among whom was Robert Peck, M.A., Rector of the parish of Hingham, England. The immediate occasion of their departure seemsto have been trouble in ecclesiastical matters. Their rector, doubtless with the sympathy and aid of most of those constituting the emigrating party, had pulled down the rails of chancel and altar, and leveled the latter a foot below thechurch, as it remains to this day. Being prosecuted by Bishop Wren, he left the Kingdom, together with his friends - who sold their estates at half their real value. The party, having landed at Boston Massachusetts, 10 August 1638, immediately proceeded to their destination, Hingham Massachusetts, so named after the name of the former home of the Cushing family in England. At a town meetingheld in 1638, a house lot of five acres, first below Pear Tree Hill, on Bachelor (Main) St., was given to Matthew Cushing, and it continued in the possessionof the family until 1887. He was early engaged in the public affairs of the town, became a deacon in Reverend Hobart's church, and was the progenitor of manyeminent descendants. It is now a pretty well established fact that, with the exception of a few families who have come to this country during the past century, all the persons bearing the surname of Cushing in the United States and Canada are his direct lineal descendants. His will, which was a verbal one, was written after his decease by his children, who, under date of 15 November 1660, pray that Daniel Cushing, Esq., their oldest brother, may be appointed administrator of their father's estate. In his will all the children except Deborah, who married May 1648, Matthew Briggs, are named as living; and the share to this son-in-law was large. His widow died 1681, aged 95.

Upon the lot now occupied by Dr. Robbins at the foot of Pear-tree Hill, a few rods north of his residence,Matthew Cushing, who died in 1660 at seventy-one years of age, the progenitor,probably, of all the families of that name in the United States, had established the home which remained uninterruptedly in the family until 1887; and here still lived his wife, who died subsequently to the war, aged ninety-six, his sonDaniel, then and until his death town clerk, and one of the wealthy men of theperiod, and Matthew a grandson, afterwards lieutenant and captain. Not far away Matthew Cushing senior's daughter Deborah lived with her husband, Matthias Briggs, while on the opposite side of the street, at what is now the Keeshan place, Daniel the younger, a weaver by trade, established a home and reared a largefamily. The Cushings were shopkeepers in addition to their other occupations,and probably the little end shop built onto the dwelling on either side of thestreet contained articles of sale and barter,--produce and pelts and West Indiagoods and ammunition. We may suppose that these small centres of trade, together with the tannery in the immediate vicinity, gave quite a little air of business to the neighborhood,--forming indeed the primitive exchange of the period.

1. The Genealogy of the Cushing Family (An account of the Ancestors and Descendants of Matthew Cushing, who came to America in 1638) by James Cushing, The Perrault Printing Co - Montreal, 1905. First Edition, 1877, by Lemuel Cushing

"History of the Town of Hingham, Massachusetts"
George Lincoln, et. al., Hingham, MA; 1893 p. 150

"Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy"
Frederick A. Virkus; Chicago, 1925
Vol 1, Appendix: "Immigrant Ancestors"
"CUSHING, Matthew (1588-1660) from Eng. in the "Diligent," to Hingham, Mass., 1638;
m. in Eng., 1613, Nazareth (1586-1681), dau. Henry Pitcher."

"New England Marriages Prior to 1700"
Clarence A. Torrey, Baltimore, MD, 1985
p. 199
"CUSHING, Matthew (1589-1660) & Nazareth PITCHER (-1681, ae 95); 5 Aug 1613; Hingham"

(Cushing and associated family lines from a GEDCOM at the excellent
"Genealogy of the Cushing Family - Online Version 2003"
by Warren R. Cushing [])

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