Retrieval of internuclear separations of molecules from intense laser-induced high-order harmonic spectra

Cheng Jin, Anh-Thu Le, Chii-Dong Lin
James R. Macdonald Laboratory, Department of Physics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA

Van-Hoang Le, Ngoc-Ty Nguyen
Department of Physics, University of Pedagogy, Vietnam

Using high-order harmonics generated by intense infrared laser pulses, an iterative method for retrieving the internuclear separations of N2, O2, and CO2 molecules is presented. It is shown that accurate results can be retrieved with a small set of harmonics and with one or few alignment angles of the molecules. The internuclear separations of linear molecules can be retrieved from harmonics generated by isotropically distributed molecules. It is further demonstrated that the internuclear separations can also be retrieved by fitting the extracted transition dipole moment from harmonic spectra. It is concluded that time-resolved chemical imaging of molecules in terms of infrared laser pulses with femtosecond temporal resolution is possible.

This work was supported by the Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy, and by the National Science Foundation.

Presented at DAMOP, May 2008, in State College, PA.


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