Ionization and Dissociation of O$_{2}^{+}$ and N$_{2}^{+}$ in Intense Short Pulse Laser Fields

A. M. Sayler, R. Cabrera-Trujillo, P. Q. Wang, B. Gaire, Nora G. Johnson, M. Leonard, E. Parke, K. D. Carnes, B. D. Esry, I. Ben-Itzhak
( J.R. Macdonald Laboratory, Physics Department, Kansas State University)

The momentum distributions for ionization and dissociation of O$_{2}^{+}$ and N$_{2}^{+}$ exposed to intense short laser pulses have been studied experimentally using a 3D coincidence momentum imaging method. Both 790nm laser pulses of 8 to 120fs at intensities up to 10$^{15}$ W/cm$^{2}$ and 395nm pulses of 45fs at intensities up to 10$^{13}$ W/cm$^{2}$ have been used. The momentum distributions yield a rich structure in kinetic energy release and angular distribution that is used to deduce the dissociation pathways. The angular distributions for these two molecules, which are theoretically predicted to be significantly different [1], will be presented. [1] X. M. Tong, Z. X. Zhao, A. S. Alnaser, S. Voss, C. L. Cocke and C. D. Lin, J. Phys. B \textbf{38}, 333 (2005)

This work was supported by the Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division,
Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy, and
by the National Science Foundation.

Submitted to DAMOP, May 2006 in Knoxville, TN.

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