Chien-Nan Liu
Department of Physics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506, U.S.A.

A comprehensive eigenchannel R-matrix study of K- photodetachment is presented over the energy region from the K(5s) threshold to the K(7p) threshold. Present results are compared with prior theoretical and experimental studies. The calculated K(5s) partial cross section between the K(6p) and K(5f) thresholds are in good agreement with the recent relative measurements of Kiyan et al1. However, theoretical analyses reveal a different structure underlying the observed resonances, compared with the one obtained by fitting measured partial cross section to a resonance profile formula. A complete list of energies and widths for the predicted 1Po resonances in the energy region studied is provided. Using the standard projection operator method, all 1Po resonances in the energy region studied are analyzed and their corresponding doubly excited states are identified.

Detailed theoretical analyses provide insight into the underlying structure and dynamics of K-. Comparing current results and prior studies on He- and other alkali negative ions, one observes that, as the alkali negative ions become heavier, the approximate symmetry of pure three-body systems breaks down. In stead, the spectra is dominated by complicated channel coupling. The asymptotic behavior of electron-atom interaction plays an important, but not decisive, role in the structure of negative ions. Recently, a semiclassical model based on a single-channel induced dipole potential has been used to derive formulas describing resonance positions2 and widths3. However, the common occurrence of channel coupling in negative alkali ions certainly limited the applicability of these formula. Besides, without theoretical input, it is impossible to distinguish resonances from different series when more than one series overlap. Therefore, a pure induced dipole potential is not sufficient to describe the structure and dynamics of negative ions. One has to take into account effects due to electron correlation in the region close to the nucleus and channel coupling.


Figure 1: Partial cross section for the process K- + γ - K(5s) + e-
in the photon energy range from 4.19 eV to 4.26 eV.
Curves: present results in dipole velocity (solid) and dipole length (dotted) approximations.
Circles: relative experimental measurement of Kiyan et al.1 normalized to the theoretical
predictions. The inset shows a normalized comparison between theory and experiment
near the K(7s) threshold. The vertical dashed lines indicate the locations of the thresholds.


1) I. Yu. Kiyan, U. Berzinsh, J. Sandström, D. Hanstorp, and D. J. Pegg, Phys. Rev. Lett 84, 5979 (2000).
2) I. Yu. Kiyan, U. Berzinsh, D. Hanstorp, and D. J. Pegg, Phys. Rev. Lett 81, 2874 (1998).
3) I. Yu. Kiyan, Phys. Rev. Lett 84, 5975 (2000).

This work was supported by the Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division,
Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy.

Submitted to ICPEAC 2001, July 2001 in Santa Fe, NM.

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