Interactions of Highly Charged Ions with Surfaces
J. R. Macdonald Laboratory, Department of Physics, Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas 66506-2604, USA
Slow collisions between highly charged ions and many-electron targets, such as large atoms, molecules, clusters, or surfaces in general lead to the transfer of several electrons from the complex target to the projectile. The e∆cient capture is due to the relatively long interaction time (on an atomic time scale), the strong Coulomb force exerted by the highly charged projectile on loosely bound target electrons, and a large number of excited projectile states for electrons to be captured into.
Within a semi-classical model, I discuss the dynamic neutralization and relaxation of slow multiply charged ions which are re on metal and insulator surfaces. Special em- phasis is devoted to near-surface interaction mechanisms. The numerical simulations include a Monte-Carlo sampling over electron transfer channels and detailed ionic structure calcula- tions of projectile energy levels. Calculated results for a large number of re projectile trajectories are compared with measured projectile kinetic energy gains, final charge-state distributions of the re projectiles, and total emitted electron yields and spectra.
This work was supported by the
Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division,
Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy.
Submitted to GEC02, October 2002 in Minneapolis, MN.
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